Business related full forms

व्यवसाय से संबंधित फुल फॉर्म की सूची निम्नलिखित है।

Dept. =  Department विभाग

Dir = Director निर्देशक

EAR = Effective annual rate प्रभावी वार्षिक दर

EPS = Earnings per share प्रति शेयर आय

ERP = Enterprise Resource Planning उद्यम संसाधन योजना

ETD = Estimated Time of Departure प्रस्थान का अनुमानित समय

EXP = Export निर्यात

F/U = Follow-Up जाँच करना

FDP = Finance Department वित्त विभाग

FIFO = First In, First Out पेहले आये पेहलॆ गये

FL = Financial leverage वित्तीय लाभ लें
FOB = Freight On Board बोर्ड पर भाड़ा

FOC = Free Of Cost बिना किसी मूल्य के

FPO = Follow on public offer पब्लिक ऑफर पर फॉलो करें

FY = Fiscal year / Financial year वित्तीय वर्ष 

FYA = For Your Action अपकी कार्रवाई के लिए

FYI = For Your Information आपकी जानकारी के लिए

GAAP = Generally Accepted Accounting Principles लेखा सिद्धांत आम तौर पर स्वीकार किये जाते है

GAAS = Generally Accepted Audit Standards आम तौर पर स्वीकृत लेखापरीक्षा मानक

GDP = Gross Domestic Product सकल घरेलू उत्पाद

GDPR = General Data Protection Regulation सामान्य डेटा संरक्षण विनियमन

GDR = Global depository receipt ग्लोबल डिपॉजिटरी रसीद

GL = General Ledger सामान्य बहीखाता

Ltd. =  Limited Company लिमिटेड कंपनी

MOU = Memorandum of understanding समझौता ज्ञापन

MPR = Monthly Progress Report मासिक प्रगति रिपोर्ट

MTD = Month-to-date महीना आज तक

NAV = Net asset value कुल संपत्ति का मूल्य

NDA = Non-Disclosure Agreement गैर प्रकटीकरण समझौता

NII = Net Interest Income शुद्ध ब्याज आय

NIM = Net Interest Margin शुद्ध ब्याज हाशिया

NOA = Net Operating Assets नेट ऑपरेटिंग एसेट्स

NOI = Net Operating Income शुद्ध संचालन आय

NPA = Non Performing Asset नॉन परफॉर्मिंग एसेट

NPL = Non-performing loan ग़ैर निष्पादक ऋण

NPV = Net Present Value शुद्ध वर्तमान मूल्य

NYSE = New York Stock Exchange न्यूयॉर्क स्टॉक एक्सचेंज

OC = Opportunity Cost अवसर लागत

OOO = Out of Office कार्यालय से बाहर

OTC = Over-the-counter बिना पर्ची का

P&L = Profit and Loss लाभ और हानि

P/E = Price-to-earnings ratio मूल्य-से-आय अनुपात

P2B = Platform to Business व्यापार के लिए मंच

PA = Purchasing agent /
Personal Assistant खरीदारी करने वाला एजेंट /
 निजी सहायक
PAT = Profit After Tax कर अदायगी के बाद लाभ

PBT = Profit Before Tax कर देने से पूर्व लाभ

PE = Private Equity निजी इक्विटी

POS = Point of Sale बिक्री केन्द्र

PPP = Purchasing power parity क्रय शक्ति समता

QTD = Quarter-to-date तिमाही-दर-तारीख

R&D = Research and Development अनुसंधान और विकास

RBA = Reserve Bank of Australia

RBI = Reserve Bank of India

RE = Retained Earnings

RFI = Request for information

RFP = Request for Proposal

RFQ = Request for Quotation

ROA = Return on assets

ROC = Registration Of Company

ROCE = Return on Capital Employed

ROE = Return on Equity

ROI = Return on Investment

ROIC = Return on Invested Capital

ROS = Return on Sales

SAAS = Software-as-a-Service

SCM = Supply Chain Management

SEBI = Securities and Exchange Board of India

SOP = Standard Operating Procedure

TB = Transaction Banking

TBC = To Be Completed

TBD = To Be Defined

TCO = Total Cost of Ownership
TCV = Total Contract Value

TQM = Total Quality Management
UPI = Unified Payment Interface

USP = Unique Selling Proposition

VAT = Value-Added Tax

VC = Venture Capital

VP = Vice President

WACC = Weighted average cost of capital

WC = Working capital

WTD = Week-To-Date

ZBB = Zero Based Budgeting

AMC = Annual Maintenance Contract /
Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita
EPC = Engineering, Procurement and Construction

FDI = Foreign Direct Investment

GATT = General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

KRA = Key Result Area

MIS = Management Information System

MOU = Memorandum of Understanding

NOC = No Objection Certificate

BPO = Business Process Outsourcing

IPO = Initial Public Offering

ADR = American Depositary Receipt

AOP = Annual Operating Plan

ASAP = As soon as possible

B2B = Business-to-business

B2C = Business to Consumer

B2G = Business-to-government

bus. = Business
BUSI = Business

CA = Current Account

CEO = Chief executive officer

CFO = Chief Financial Officer

CIA = Certified Internal Auditor

CIMA = Chartered Institute of Management Accountants

CIO = Chief Information Officer

COB = Close of Business

COC = Cost of Credit /
Cost of Capital

COD  =Cost of Debt /
Cash on Delivery

COE = Center of Excellence /
Cost of Equity

COGS = Cost of Goods Sold

COO = Chief Operating Officer

CPI = Consumer Price Index

Cr = Credit

EBITA = Earnings before interest and taxes and amortization

EBITDA = Earnings before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization

ECB = European Central Bank

EMI = Equated Monthly Installment

EOB = End of business

EOD = End of day

GP = Gross Profit

HP = Hire purchase

HQ = Headquarters

HR = Human Resources

HRD = Human Resource Development

IAS = International Accounting Standards

IPO = Initial Public Offering

IR = Interest Rate

IRR = Internal Rate of Return

IRS = Internal Revenue Service

JIS = Just in sequence

JIT = Just in time

JST = Joint Supervisory Team

KYC = Know Your Customer

LIFO = Last In, First Out

LLC = Limited Liability Company

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